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NRF: Consumer Spending to Continue Despite Consumer Confidence Dip

The Consumer Confidence Index continues its decline, but the National Retail Federation expects spending to remaind steady.

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Consumer Confidence vs. Consumer Spending
Consumer confidence may be dipping, but spending will continue, according to the NRF.

Despite falling consumer confidence numbers, shoppers are continuing to spend, according to National Retail Federation Chief Economist Jack Kleinhenz. 

The Consumer Confidence Index, collated monthly by The Conference Board, noted that consumer confidence dipped 5.9 percent in September after declines in both July and August as “the Delta variant continued to dampen optimism,” said Lynn Franco, Senior Director of Economic Indicators at The Conference Board. “Concerns about the state of the economy and short-term growth prospects deepened, while spending intentions for homes, autos and major appliances all retreated again. Short-term inflation concerns eased somewhat, but remain elevated. Consumer confidence is still high by historical levels — enough to support further growth in the near-term — but the Index has now fallen 19.6 points from the recent peak of 128.9 reached in June. These back-to-back declines suggest consumers have grown more cautious and are likely to curtail spending going forward.” In September’s report, 19.3 percent of consumers said business conditions are “good,” down from 20.2 percent in August. Additionally, 25.4 percent of consumers said business conditions are “bad,” up from 24.1 percent in last month’s report.     

Even with recent Consumer Confidence Index declines, however, the NRF anticipates that consumer spending will continue. “With consumer spending accounting for roughly two-thirds of U.S. gross domestic product, all eyes are closely watching shoppers’ ability to drive the economy,” Kleinhenz said. “If consumer finances are any indication, there’s reason to be optimistic: Households remain in good shape, with consumers in the aggregate actually underspending relative to current income. Even though enhanced unemployment benefits have expired and are no longer providing a boost to personal income, the loss is easily offset by the savings stockpiled since the coronavirus pandemic began.” Kleinhenz shared his thoughts in the October issue of NRF’s Monthly Economic Review, which noted that consumers’ mid-summer savings rate of 9.6 percent was noticeably above pre-pandemic levels. Income growth going forward should benefit from expected strong employment gains and higher wages while Child Tax Credit checks being issued through December will also provide a bump.

COVID’s Role

The Consumer Confidence report comes as COVID-19 has returned as a “major impediment” to consumer confidence because of the Delta variant. The seven-day average of both new cases and deaths reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention soared from pandemic lows in early summer to six-month highs in September and had remained high despite tapering off toward the end of September. The Federal Reserve attributed a deceleration in economic growth in late summer to a pullback in dining out, travel and tourism as the spread of the virus once again made the public more cautious. The impact was seen in August when payrolls rose by only 235,000 jobs nationwide, down from a gain of 1.1 million the month before.     

In mid-September, the Fed lowered its forecast for gross domestic product growth for the year to 5.9 percent from 7 percent, and the agency expected unemployment to end the year at 4.8 percent rather than 4.4 percent. Inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index was up 5.2 percent year-over-year in August, fueled by consumer demand and supply chain disruptions, and a Fed survey found consumers expect an equal amount of growth over the next 12 months.    

Amid those numbers, the University of Michigan Index of Consumer Sentiment fell to 71 in September, far below its pandemic high of 88.3 in April and the lowest confidence level since the beginning of the pandemic. Consumer Spending On the rise As a result all, it should come as no surprise that consumer confidence as measured by the University of Michigan fell close to 17 points in September, far below its pandemic peak in April.     

Yet August retail sales as calculated by NRF – excluding automobile dealers, gasoline stations and restaurants to focus on core retail – rose sharply, up 2.3 percent month-over-month and 12 percent year-over-year. That brought the first eight months of the year to a 15 percent year-over-year gain and is on track to meet NRF’s forecast of between 10.5 and 13.5 percent growth for the full year.   

 “That strong momentum shows there’s a big disconnect between consumer confidence and consumer spending at the moment and that the downdraft in confidence may well be a false scent,” Kleinhenz said. “There’s a saying that you should never underestimate the American consumer – and its corollary is that you should watch what consumers do, not what they say.”     

Over the next several months, the labor market is expected to play an increasing role in the economic outlook. While August job gains were lower than expected, the upside surprise was that wage growth had accelerated to 4.3 percent year-over-year, and job openings were at a record high of 10.9 million at the end of July.   

 “That is a clear indication that demand for labor is still strong and that a lack of available workers – not a lack of jobs – remains the major hurdle to robust hiring,” Kleinhenz said. “With the end of supplemental unemployment benefits taking away financial incentives to stay home and the reopening of schools easing child care responsibilities for parents who want to get back to work, stronger growth should be on its way.”

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